Clinical Ai Chi | References
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Bauer Cunha MC, Labronici RH, Oliveira A, Gabbai AA. Relaxamento aquático em piscina aquecida, realizado através do método Ai Chi: nova abordagem hidroterapêutica para pacientes portadores de doenças neuromusculares. Fisioterapia Brasil. 2002; 3(2): 79-84.


Bauer-Cunha MC, Alonso AC, Mesquita T, Britto A, Mota CF. Ai Chi: efeitos de relaxemento aquatico no desempenho functional e qualidade de vida em idosos. Fisiot Mov Curitiba.2010;23(3):409-417.


Bayraktar D, Guclu-Gunduza A, Yazicia G, Lambeck J. Effects of Ai-Chi on balance, functional mobility, strength and fatigue in patients with multiple sclerosis: A pilot study. NeuroRehabilitation. 2013;33(3):431-437.


Bidonde J, Busch AJ, Webber SC, Schachter CL, Danyliw A, Overend TJ, Richards RS, Rader T. Aquatic exercise training for fibromyalgia. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2014, Issue 10. Art.No.: CD011336. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD011336EndFragment 


Calandre EP, Rodriguez-Claro ML, Rico-Villademoros F, Vilchez JS, Hidalgo J, Delgado-Rodriguez A. Effects of pool-based exercise in fibromyalgia symptomatology and sleep quality: a prospective randomized comparison between stretching and Ai Chi. Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology. 2009;suppl 56:s21-s28.


Camilotti BM, Leite N, Alberti D, Aparecida Francisco I, Israel VL. Effects of Ai Chi and Yamamoto new scalp acupuncture on chronic low back pain.  Fisioter. Mov., Curitiba, 2015;28,(4):723-730, DOI:  ,


Castro-Sanchéz A, Matarán GA, Palomo IL, Saavedra M, Arroyo M, Moreno CL (2012). Hydrotherapy for the treatment of pain in people with multiple sclerosis: a randomized controlled trial. Evidence Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, doi:10.1155/2012/473963


Covill LG, Utley C, Hochstein C. Comparison of Ai Chi and Impairment-Based Aquatic Therapy for Older Adults With Balance Problems: A Clinical Study. J Geriatr Phys Ther. 2016 Aug 3. [Epub ahead of print]


Devereux K, Robertson D, Briffa NK. Effects of a water-based program on women 65 years and over: a randomised controlled trial. Aust J Physiother. 2005;51(2):102-108.


Hartley GW et al. The effect of aquatic physical therapy on balance deficits in  patient with subacute stroke. The journal of Aquatic Physical Therapy, 2014;22(1):13


Kelley C, Loy DP. Comparing the effects of aquatic and land-based exercise on the physiological stress response of women with fibromyalgia. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 2008:17(2);103-118


Kurt EA, Büyükturan B, Büyükturan Ö, Erdem HR, T F. Effects of Ai Chi on balance, quality of life, functional mobility and motor impairment in patients with Parkinson’s disease. Disability and Rahabilitation, 2017;Januari 13: DOI:10.1080/09638288.2016.1276972


Kurt EE, Büyükturan B, Büyükturan Ö, Erdem HR, Tuncay F. Effects of Ai Chi on balance, quality of life, functional mobility, and motor impairment in patients with Parkinson’s disease. Disability and Rehabilitation, 2017. DOI:10.1080/09638288.2016.1276972 


Macías-Hernández SI, Vázquez-Torres L, Morones-Alba JD, Coronado-Zarco R, Soria-Bastida MA, Cruz-Medina E, Nava-Bringas TI. Water-based Tai Chi; theoretical benefits in musculoskeletal diseases. Current evidence. J Exercise Rehabilitation, 2015;11(3):120-124


Masunaga S. (1987). Meridian exercises. Japan Publications, Tokyo.


Methajarunon P, Eitivipart C, Diver CJ Foongchomcheay A. Systematic review of published studies on aquatic exercise for balance in patients with multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, and hemiplegia. Hong Kong Physiotherapy Journal, 2016;35:12-20.


Niks Cm Hooft van ‘t P. Aquamentia®, introducing a newly developed swimming intervention for people with dementia. J Psychological Sciences, 2017;3(1):21-27


Noh DK, Lim JY, Shin HI, Paik NJ. The effect of aquatic therapy on postural balance and muscle strength in stroke survivors – a randomized controlled trial. Clin Rehabil. 2008;22:966-976.


Olabe Sanchéz PJ (2013). Repercusión del Ai Chi en el equilibrio de las personas mayores.  PhD thesis (Spanish), University of Murcia, Spain


Olabe-Sánchez PJ, Martínez-Almagro A. Repercusión del Ai Chi en el equilibrio de las personas mayores. Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2014;4(3):247-256


Pelloso Villegas IL, Israel VL. Effect of the Ai-Chi method on functional activity, quality of life, and posture in patients with Parkinson disease. Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation, 2014;30(4):282-289


Pérez-de la Cruz S, Garcïa Luenga AV, Lambeck J. Efectos de un programa de prevención de caídas con Ai Chi acuático en pacientes diagnosticados de Parkinson. Neurología. 2015.


Pérez-de la Cruz, García Luengo AV, Lambeck J. Effects of an Ai Chi fall prevention programme for patients with Parkinson’s disease. Neurología, 2016;31(3):176-182, dos: 10.1016/j.nrleng.2015.05.006

Pérez-de la Cruz S, Lambeck J. A new approach to the improvement of quality of life in fibromyalgia: a pilot study on the effects of an aquatic ai chi program.  Int J Rheum Dis. 2016 Jul 26. doi: 10.1111/1756-185X.12930. [Epub ahead of print].


Pérez-De la Cruz S, Lambeck J. Efectos de un programa de Ai Chi acuático en pacientes con fibromialgia. Estudio piloto. Revista de Neurologia, 2014;59 (x):X


Ribeiro Queiroz D, Oliani D, da Cruz dos Santos L, Wosniak Hunger R, Israel VL. Fisioterapia Aquática: Ai-Chi em patcientes com Doença de Parkinson. FisioBrasil. 2007; 11(82): 38-42.


Santana J, Gonçalves A, Carvalho P. Os eieitos do método Ai Chi em pacientes portadores da syndrome fibromiálgica.  Journal unknown,2008:1433-1438


Skinner EH, Dinh T, Hewitt M, Piper R, Thwaites C. An Ai Chi-based aquatic group improves balance and reduces falls in community-dwelling adults: A pilot observational cohort study. Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, published online October 6, 2016: 1-10


So BCL, Kong ISY, Lee RKL et al. The effect of Ai Chi aquatic therapy on individuals with knee osteoarthritis: a pilot study. J. Phys. Ther. Sci, 2017;29:884-890


So BCL, Kong ISY, Lee RKL, Man RWF, Tse WHK, Fong AKW, Tsang WWN. The effect of Ai Chi aquatic therapy on individuals with osteoarthritis: a pilot study. J. Phys. Sci, 2017;29:884-890


Sova R, Konno J (1999). Ai Chi, balance, harmony and healing. DSL, Port Washington.


Teixeira R, Lambeck J, Neto F. The influence on balance and fear of falling among older adults: a randomized clinical trial. Submitted to Clin Rehabil


Utley C, Covill L, Hochstein C. Comparison of Ai Chi and a Conventional Impairment-Based Aquatic Therapy Programs in Persons with Balance Deficits. Presentation  at the APTA combined sections meeting 2015.


Wingerden, van A, Fluet G, Kleban M, Deotte P, Promoting wellness in a senior living community with Ai Chi aquatic exercise: a feasibility study. Presentation at the APTA combined sections meeting 201

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